UNESCO Heritage Site, Sri Lanka

UNESCO Heritage Site, Sri Lanka


Anuradhapura is a sacred city popular among Buddhist tourists that was once the ancient capital of Sri Lanka. Anuradhapura is now majorly in ruins but the ruins of ancient city still bring in an amazing picture of ancient Sri Lanka civilization among travellers. The fascinating ancient ruins of Anuradhapura that are of major interest for tourists include huge bell-shaped Stupas built of small sun-dried bricks, temples, sculptures, palaces, and ancient drinking-water reservoirs. Anuradhapura is home to many of the ancient grandest monuments of Sri Lanka that are very popular as tourist attractions.

The city of Anuradhapura is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that lies 205 km north of the capital city Colombo. Anuradhapura remained the capital of Sri Lanka from 4th century BC till the beginning of the 11th century AD.


Polonnaruwa is a showcase for tourists of the great ancient Sri Lankan architecture dating back to 12th Century AD. Polonnaruwa is frequented by tourists for its well-preserved city of ancient dagobas, moonstones, massive buildings, beautiful parks and statues. Today the ancient city of Polonnaruwa remains one of the best planned Archeological relic sites in the country, declared as a World Heritage site by UNESCO.

Polonnaruwa is the 2nd largest city in north central Sri Lanka located at a distance of 216 km from Colombo. The city is known among travellers as one of the cleaner and beautiful cities of Sri Lanka beacuase of its greenery. The city of Polonnaruwa is popular among travellers for its pleasant environment, amazing historical monuments, Parakrama Samudra (a huge lake), attractive tourist hotels and nice hospitality.


Kandy, a UNESCO world heritage site, is a must visit travel destination for visitors to Sri Lanka. This beautiful city is located in the foothills of central highlands, surrounded by hills and valleys, rivers, lakes and cascading waterfalls. Kandy is frequented by tourists as the charming hill capital is close to Colombo and is part of the cultural triangle. Kandy was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1988 and thus became a tourism hotspot in Sri Lanka.

Travelers visit Kandy to explore the unique history and the beautiful culture of Sri Lanka. This cultural capital of Sri Lanka is also popularly known as Maha Nuwara (means “The Great City”). One of the great aspects to admire in Kandy is its magnificent architecture displaying Indian and Sinhalese designs. The city is very sacred to Buddhists and is frequented by pilgrims to visit its sacred temples and shrines, based on Buddhist architecture.

This beautiful hilly city is surrounded by a ring of mountain ranges and Sri Lanka’s largest river Mahaweli Ganga. Kandy enjoys a salubrious climate throughout the year and still breathes the ancient lifestyle of Sri Lanka. Both domestic and international tourists are attracted towards Kandy’s heritage, architecture, sculpture, painting, dance and music.


Dambulla Cave Temple, also known as the Golden Temple of Dambulla is a world heritage site in Sri Lanka, situated in the central part of the country. Dambulla was designated a World Heritage site in 1991. This site is situated 148 km east of Colombo and 72 km north of Kandy. It is the largest and best-preserved cave temple complex in Sri Lanka. The rock towers 160 m over the surrounding plains. There are more than 80 documented caves in the surrounding. Major attractions are spread over 5 caves, which contain statues and paintings. This paintings and statues are related to Lord Buddha and his life. There are total of 153 Buddha statues, 3 statues of Sri Lankan kings and 4 statues of gods and goddesses. The later 4 include two statues of Hindu gods, god Vishnu and god Ganesh. The murals, covers an area of 2,100 square meters. Depictions in the walls of the caves include Buddha’s temptation by Mara (demon) and Buddha’s first sermon.


Sigiriya is a popular tourist destination that is also considered as one of the oldest tourist site in Sri Lanka, being visited by travellers for past 1000 years. The ancient rock fortress and palace of Sigiriya, currently standing in ruin, still has magnificent opulence that is surrounded by beautiful gardens, reservoirs and other structures and attracts large influx of tourists visiting Sri Lanka.

Sigiriya is an amazing geological formation in Sri Lanka that encompasses an important archaeological site. Sigiriya lies 22 km north-east of Dambulla in the North central province of Sri Lanka. The tourist site of Sigiriya has been declared as a UNESCO world heritage site since 1982 and is part of the seven world heritage sites of Sri Lanka. Sigiriya is located in the middle of the tourism cultural triangle formed by connecting the world heritage sites of Anuradhapura, Kandy and Polonnaruwa in Sri Lanka.


Sinharaja Forest Reserve, situated 120 km south-east of Colombo, is the last extensive stretch of virgin rainforest on the Sri Lanka island. Sinharaja is a biodiversity hotspot in Sri Lanka, and has been declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO in 1989. The terrain of Sinharaja Forest reserve is 18,889 hectares in size and consists of series of ridges and valleys. The forest reserve is surrounded by two rivers – Koskulana Ganga in the north and Gin Ganga in the south.

Sinharaja is an ecological treasure trove with amazing array of flora and fauna, including trees, insects, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. 60% of trees in Sinharaja Forest reserver are endemic and many of them are considered very rare. Tourists won’t find wildlife so easily here as compared to other National parks like Yala etc. The main wildlife tourist attractions are elephants and leopards. The name of the reserve translates into Kingdom of Lion.

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